About Bhutan


Bhutan is a landlocked country located between China to the north and India to the south, east and west. It is approximately about 38,300 square kilometers (14,800 square miles). The altitude starts from about 200 meters (660 ft) in the south where the foothills are and goes on to more than 7,000 meters (23,000 ft). Thus, Bhutan provides habitat for a great range of biodiversity, and is considered as a biodiversity hotspot in the world.

Brief History

The major religion in Bhutan is Buddhism which was first brought into Bhutan in the 7th century from Tibet. With the passage of time, many great saints helped propagate Buddhism in the country. The country was then ruled by local rulers, and it was not until the 17th century when the country was united by a great lama from Tibet who took refuge in Bhutan. Under his leadership the first of the massive fortresses called “Dzongs” were built to protect the valleys from invaders in those days. Today, these fortresses serve as the religious and administrative center for their respective districts in Bhutan.

The first King of Bhutan was crowned in the year 1907. The political system in Bhutan changed from Absolute Monarchy into Constitutional Monarchy in the year 2008 with the crowning of the fifth King of Bhutan.


One of the most unique architectural styles can be found in Bhutan. The massive fortresses called “Dzongs” are a very good example of Bhutanese architectural styles. It is said that in the olden days these fortresses were built without drawing a single line on a paper or using a single nail for the construction of these impressive fortresses.

Arts & Crafts

The arts and crafts are a huge part of the Bhutanese people in their daily lives. Wall paintings and mural paintings can be seen in temples and fortresses which lets you know how deep the minds of the people are into Buddhism. Intricate, very well detailed wooden or metal crafts work can be seen everywhere you look, on windows, pillars and doors.

Mask dance festivals are held for every district in Bhutan. With the most popular being the ones held at Thimphu and Paro. The Bhutanese are music loving people who love to sing and dance at every joyous occasion. Any kind of traditional sports such as archery, khuru( traditional dart game) are played by singing and dancing every time you make a hit during the match.


The National Language of Bhutan is “Dzongkha”. Although Dzongkha is taught in schools, English is the medium of Education and is widely spoken in the country especially in towns.


The National Dress for women is called “Kira” which is an ankle length robe tied at the waist by a belt called “Kayra” while the National Dress for men is called “Gho” which is a knee length robe. The National attire must be worn to work, to formal meetings, temples etc. at all times.


The currency of Bhutan is called “Ngultrum” which is at par with the Indian Rupee.

Time zone

The Time in Bhutan is 6 hours ahead of GMT.



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